Understanding Peri-Implantitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Dental implants provide an aesthetically pleasing and functional replacement for natural teeth, improving both oral health and overall quality of life. However, like any medical intervention, complications can arise, and one such concern is peri-implantitis.

Peri-implantitis is a condition that affects dental implants, and it can have a significant impact on their long-term success. It involves inflammation and infection of the tissues surrounding the implant, including the gums and supporting bone structure. If left untreated, peri-implantitis can lead to implant failure, jeopardizing the patient’s investment and oral health.

Causes of Peri-Implantitis

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Overloading of implants
  • Improper dental implant placement
  • Poorly fitting dental prosthetics
  • Inadequate support of soft tissues around the implant
  • Unstable occlusal forces
  • Bacterial infections

What are the Symptoms of Peri-Implantitis?

  • Inflammation of the gums around the implant
  • Swelling or tenderness of the gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bleeding or pus from the gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loosening of the implant
  • Bone loss around the implant
  • Difficulty chewing or speaking

What are the Treatment Options for Peri-Implantitis? 

The treatment options for peri-implantitis are varied and depend on the severity of the condition. 

In mild cases, non-surgical approaches may be sufficient. This can include professional cleaning of the implant surface to remove bacteria and plaque buildup, along with the use of antimicrobial mouthwashes or gels to reduce inflammation. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help fight the infection.

For more advanced cases, surgical intervention may be necessary. The various surgical option include, 

  • Flap surgery
  • Bone regeneration
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR)

It’s crucial to remember that peri-implantitis can be avoided through prophylaxis. Regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings are all examples of good oral hygiene techniques that can help keep your implants healthy. 

If you have any concerns or require assistance regarding peri-implantitis or dental implants in general, reach out to us at Wilmington Periodontics and Implants today. Our team of dental implant experts is dedicated to providing personalized care and guidance. Don’t hesitate to contact us and take the first step towards optimal dental implant health.

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