Bleeding gums is one of the most common signs of periodontal diseases. The main cause of bleeding gums is the buildup of plaque at the gum line. The buildup of the plaque can lead to gingivitis or inflamed gums. Over time if the plaque is not removed it will harden into tartar that will cause more bleeding and lead into a condition called periodontitis.
Other signs and symptons of periodontal disease are
- Teeth mobility: when there is a great deal of bone loss, teeth begin to move and can be lost.
- Inflamed and red gingiva: It is one of the most frequent signs of periodontal disease.
- Sensitive teeth: periodontal disease may expose the roots causing sensitive teeth.
- Swelling of the gums: The areas of the gums with the greatest amount of periodontal disease can become infected in a severe way leading to the development of buccalswellings in the mouth. The swellings of the gums always occur in the molar area. These swellings are always very painful and require urgent treatment
- Painful gums. In general,periodontal disease does not hurt but there is one type of periodontal disease which is called necrotizing gingivitis which is extremely painful and causes abundant bleeding of the gums.
- Bad taste in the mouth or bad breath. Bad breath can result from eating certain types of food, from the teeth or from the gums, but is normally associated with the bacteria that live in the back part of the tongue.
- Gum recession causing teeth to look larger. It occurs due to the loss of bone that supports the gum and normally is associated with an increase in dental sensitivity.
- Opening up spaces between the teeth or loss of gum tissue between teeth. This normally occurs in the upper front teeth leading to the appearance of unaesthetic Spaces That appears as black triangles.
- Black or green stains where the tooth meets the gums. It is plaque or calculus that always accumulates in this area.