Bacterial plaque is formed when bacteria accumulates due to a poor brushing technique. With time, bacteria and saliva form deposits or calculus. Bacterial plaque is the principal cause of the gum disease. Other factors include tobacco, genes, heart disease, arthritis, Diabetes, Stress, Certain medicines, Poor nutrition, And obesity.
Stages of gum disease
The earliest stage of gum disease which is inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup at the gum line.
- Slight to moderate: The middle stage of gum disease which the supporting bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are damaged, which form pockets below the gum line which traps food and plaque.
- Severe: The final stage of gum disease which then the fibers and the bone that supports your teeth are destroyed which can cause your teeth to shift or even become loose.